General Price Index

The GPI is the weighted arithmetic mean of three price indexes, the PPI, the CPI, and the NCCI. It reveals the sources of inflationary pressure and the evolution of the prices of the most relevant products and services for the producer, the consumer, and the construction industry.

The GPI was conceived at the end of the 1940s as a comprehensive measure of changes in prices in Brazil. An index is understood as comprehensive when it encompasses not only different activities, but also distinctive stages in the production process. Its construction enabled the GPI to be used as a deflator of the business activity index, thereby resulting in a monthly indicator of the level of economic activity. The weights of each component index correspond to shares of gross domestic expenditure, calculated based on the National Accounts.

• 60% Producer Prices Index (PPI);
• 30% Consumer Price Index (CPI)
• 10% National Construction Costs Index (NCCI).

Geographic Coverage:
Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Salvador.

Sector Coverage:
• Food, Housing, Clothing, Health and Personal Care, Education, Reading and Recreation, Transport, Miscellaneous Costs, and Communication, from the point of view of the producer and the consumer;
• Materials and Equipment, Services, and Labor.

Collection Period:
• GPI–M, between the 21st of the previous month and the 20th of the reference month;
• GPI–10, between the 11th of the previous month and the 10th of the reference month; 
• GPI–DI, between the 1st and the last day of the reference month;
• GPI – 1st ten days;
• GPI – 2nd ten days.